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RJO’s Ancestors in the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company of Massachusetts

This is one of a series of genealogical pages on my ancestors who served in early American wars, including the Pequot War (1637–1638), King Philip’s War (1675–1676), King William’s War (1689–1698), Queen Anne’s War (1702–1713), Dummer’s War (1723–1726) and King George’s War (1744–1745), the French and Indian War (1754–1763), the American Revolution (1775–1781), and Shays’ Rebellion (1786–1787). Ancestors who belonged to the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company of Massachusetts are recorded as well (this page), and a special essay on Lexington and Concord and the Nineteenth of April is also available.

The Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company (1637– )

[Arms of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company of Massachusetts]“In 1637 a group of prominent residents of Massachusetts Bay, mostly Boston merchants and magistrates, founded the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company of Massachusetts, in clear imitation of the like-named organization in London. Although this body did have some military importance, it may be viewed also as the seventeenth-century equivalent of a men’s eating club” [Anderson xli]. The Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company is still in existence today—it is the oldest military body in America—and its members serve as a ceremonial guard to the governor of Massachusetts at official functions. Persons who are descended from early members of the Company may apply for membership in the Company by right of descent.

References

Anderson
Anderson, Robert Charles. 1995. The Great Migration Begins. Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society.
Whitman
Whitman, Zachariah G. 1842. The History of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company (second edition). Boston: John H. Eastburn.
Wyman
Wyman, Thomas Bellows. 1879. The Genealogies and Estates of Charlestown, in the County of Middlesex and Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 1629–1818. Boston: David Clapp and Son.

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