Peabody Park > Survey > Vertebrates

Peabody Park Biological Survey

Vertebrates

This page is part of a biological survey of Peabody Park at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro. Nomenclature for the taxa below follows Burt and Grossenheider, A Field Guide to the Mammals, 3rd edition (Boston, 1976) for mammals; Robbins, Bruun, and Zim, Birds of North America (New York, 1983), for birds; Martof et al., Amphibians and Reptiles of the Carolinas and Virginia (Chapel Hill, 1980) for amphibians and reptiles; and Rohde et al., Freshwater Fishes of the Carolinas, Virginia, Maryland, and Delaware (Chapel Hill, 1994) for fishes. Initials of determiners and locations of grid sections are explained on the references page. The seasonal data for birds are very incomplete and could be readily extended even with casual observation.

  1. MAMMALIA — Mammals

    1. Didelphis marsupialis — Opossum

      A common though inconspicuous resident of the Park and the surrounding neighborhood, most often seen at night. (RJO, September 1997) [Images…]

    2. Vespertilionidae spp. — Vespertilionid bats

      Bats are often seen flying over the Park in the evening during summer. The species represented are not known. (RJO, September 1997)

    3. Homo sapiens — Human

      An abundant and destructive species, common on the campus though less so in the Park. (RJO, May 1998)

    4. Procyon lotor — Raccoon

      Like the Opossum, a common though inconspicuous resident of the Park and the surrounding neighborhood, most often seen at night. (RJO, September 1997) [Images…]

    5. Canis familiaris — Domestic Dog

      Domestic dogs from the local neighborhood often pass through the Park. (RJO, November 1997)

    6. Vulpes fulva — Red Fox

      Several reports from early 1990s. (RJO, May 1998)

    7. Felis catus — Domestic Cat

      Domestic cats from the local neighborhood often pass through the campus, and feral individuals sometimes take up residence in the Park near buildings. (RJO, November 1997)

    8. Tamias striatus — Eastern Chipmunk

      Fairly common on the borders of the Park woods, though not often seen. (RJO, November 1997)

    9. Sciurus carolinensis — Eastern Gray Squirrel

      Common in the Park woods and fields and throughout the entire campus. (RJO, September 1997)

    10. Glaucomys volans — Southern Flying Squirrel

      Resident in the Park woods and occasionally seen gliding among the trees at dusk. Probably more common that it appears to be. (RJO, September 1997)

    11. [Castor canadensis — Beaver]

      Beavers have not been recorded from the Park, but beaver workings can be seen less than 1km N of the campus along Buffalo Creek. It is possible they may occasionally wander upstream as far as Peabody Park. (RJO, May 1998)

    12. Peromyscus sp. — White-footed Mouse

      An undetermined Peromyscus was observed at a bird feeder in section E10 of the Park W of Moore-Strong Hall in spring 1998. Mice of this genus are probably common in the Park, but they have not been studied. (RJO, May 1998)

    13. Ondatra zibetheca — Muskrat

      Resident in section D11 of the Park fields along Buffalo Creek. (RJO, September 1997)

    14. Muridae spp. — Old World mice and rats

      Mice and rats occur in the Park and in and around campus buildings, but they have not been carefully studied. The House Mouse (Mus musculus) and the Norway Rat (Rattus norvegicus) are the likely species. (RJO, May 1998)

    15. Sylvilagus floridanus — Eastern Cottontail

      Common in the Park and elsewhere on campus. Most often seen in summer on lawns at dusk. (RJO, November 1997) [Images…]

    16. Bos taurus — Domestic Cattle

      The Park fields were used for cattle grazing in the early 20th century, and cattle bones have been found along Buffalo Creek. (RJO, May 1998)

  2. AVES — Birds

    1. Branta canadensis — Canada Goose

      Occasionally seen flying over the Park. March, September–October. (RJO, October 2000)

    2. Anas platyrhynchos — Mallard

      Regularly seen courting in spring on Buffalo Creek in the Park fields, but not known to breed. March–May. (RJO, March 2000)

    3. Cathartes aura — Turkey Vulture

      Occasionally seen flying over the Park. January–February, September. (RJO, January 2000)

    4. Accipiter cooperi — Cooper’s Hawk

      A regular visitor to the Park woods. March–April. (RJO, December 1997)

    5. Accipiter striatus — Sharp-shinned Hawk

      Recorded 14 and 21 January 2000 from the Park woods; probably a regular winter visitor. Cooper’s and Sharp-shinned Hawks are easily confused with one another, and the Park occurrences deserve further study. (RJO/JGW, January 2000)

    6. Buteo jamaicensis — Red-tailed Hawk

      A common visitor, often seen flying over the Park fields. January–March, September. (RJO, January 2000)

    7. Buteo platypterus — Broad-winged Hawk

      Recorded 1 June 1998 over the Park; probably a regular migrant. (RJO, March 2000)

    8. Falco sparverius — American Kestrel

      A regular visitor to the Park. February–March. (RJO, March 2000)

    9. Butorides striatus — Green Heron

      One individual seen walking the streambeds in the Park fields on 21 September 2001; probably an occasional visitor. (RJO, September 2001)

    10. Nycticorax violaceus — Yellow-crowned Night-Heron

      Several pairs have nested in the Park woods in recent years, although they have been much disturbed by construction. Late March–April. (RJO, March 2000) [Images…]

    11. Charadrius vociferus — Killdeer

      Occasionally seen and heard flying over the Park; may breed on the S end of the campus. February. (RJO, March 2000)

    12. Scolopax minor — American Woodcock

      Two records from campus: one in Park section D9 W of Weil-Winfield Hall, and another in campus sectioin D11 along Jefferson Street in an area since destroyed by athletics construction. (RJO, December 1997)

    13. Capella gallinago — Common Snipe

      One flushed from creek in section D11 of Park fields on 30 March 2000; no other records, but probably an occasional spring migrant. (RJO, March 2000)

    14. Larus delawarensis — Ring-billed Gull

      Commonly seen flying over the Park. January–February. (RJO/JGW, January 2000)

    15. Columba livia — Rock Dove, Domestic Pigeon

      Regularly seen flying over the Park, but more common on the S end of the campus. January–December. (RJO, December 1997)

    16. Zenaida macroura — Mourning Dove

      A campus resident, regularly seen in the Park. January–December. (RJO, December 1997)

    17. Bubo virginianus — Great Horned Owl

      Heard calling in the Park woods E of Phillips-Hawkins Hall 14 January 2000, and once before about 1997; probably an occasional visitor in winter. (RJO, January 2000)

    18. Strix varia — Barred Owl

      Reportedly bred in the Park many years ago. (RJO, May 1998)

    19. Chordeiles minor — Common Nighthawk

      A common summer resident of the campus, regularly seen flying over the Park. May. (RJO, December 1997)

    20. Chaetura pelagica — Chimney Swift

      A common summer resident of the campus, regularly seen flying over the Park. April–October. (RJO, December 1997)

    21. Archilochus colubris — Ruby-throated Hummingbird

      Summer resident. (RJO, May 1998)

    22. Ceryle alcyon — Belted Kingfisher

      Occasionally seen along the creek branches in the Park and also flying over. Breeds just north of the campus in Lake Daniel Park. January, March, May. (RJO, March 2000)

    23. Colaptes auratus — Common Flicker

      A resident of the Park woods and field borders. January–March, May. (RJO/JGW, January 2000)

    24. Melanerpes carolinus — Red-bellied Woodpecker

      A resident of the Park woods and field borders. January–April. (RJO/JGW, February 2000)

    25. Sphyrapicus varius — Yellow-bellied Sapsucker

      Winter resident. Many trees in the Park show evidence of Sapsucker work. January–March. (RJO/JGW, February 2000) [Images…]

    26. Picoides pubescens — Downy Woodpecker

      Common in the Park woods and field margins. January–March. (RJO/JGW, February 2000)

    27. Myiarchus crinitus — Great Crested Flycatcher

      Regular spring migrant. May. (RJO, May 1998)

    28. Sayornis phoebe — Eastern Phoebe

      Regular spring migrant. March. (RJO, May 1998)

    29. Contopus virens — Eastern Wood Pewee

      Recorded from the Park. (HTH, May 1998)

    30. Hirundo rustica — Barn Swallow

      Recorded grazing over the Park fields. June. (RJO, March 2000)

    31. Cyanocitta cristata — Blue Jay

      Common year-round resident in the Park. January–December. (RJO/JGW, February 2000)

    32. Corvus brachyrhynchos — American Crow

      Common year-round resident in the Park. January–December, September. (RJO/JGW, March 2000)

    33. Corvus ossifragus — Fish Crow

      Recorded from the Park. March, September. (RJO, May 1998)

    34. Parus carolinensis — Carolina Chickadee

      Common year-round resident in the Park. January–October. (RJO/JGW, February 2000)

    35. Parus bicolor — Tufted Titmouse

      Common year-round resident in the Park. January–May. (RJO/JGW, February 2000)

    36. Sitta carolinensis — White-breasted Nuthatch

      Common resident in the Park. January–April. (RJO/JGW, February 2000)

    37. Sitta pusilla — Brown-headed Nuthatch

      Recorded from the Park fields in winter and spring; a pair excavated a nest cavity in a Black Willow in section C11 along Buffalo Creek in late March 2000. January–April. (RJO/JGW, March 2000)

    38. Certhia americana — Brown Creeper

      Recorded from the Park in winter. January. (RJO/JGW, January 2000)

    39. Troglodytes troglodytes — Winter Wren

      Recorded from the Park. (RJO, May 1998)

    40. Thryothorus ludovicianus — Carolina Wren

      Common year-round resident in the Park. January–September. (RJO/JGW, February 2000) [Images…]

    41. Mimus polyglottos — Northern Mockingbird

      Common year-round resident in the Park and throughout the campus. January–December. (RJO/JGW, February 2000)

    42. Dumetella carolinensis — Gray Catbird

      Common summer resident in the Park. April. (RJO, May 1998)

    43. Toxostoma rufum — Brown Thrasher

      Recorded from the Park. January–April. (RJO, January 2000)

    44. Turdus migratorius — American Robin

      Common resident of the Park. January–September. (RJO/JGW, January 2000)

    45. Hylocichla mustelina — Wood Thrush

      Recorded from the Park in spring. April–May. (RJO, May 1998)

    46. Catharus guttatus — Hermit Thrush

      Regular spring migrant in the Park woods. April. (RJO, April 2000)

    47. Catharus ustulatus — Swainson’s Thrush

      Regular spring migrant in the Park woods. May. (RJO, May 1998)

    48. Catharus fuscescens — Veery

      Recorded from the Park on 2 May 1994. (HTH, May 1998)

    49. Sialia sialis — Eastern Bluebird

      Three bluebird houses were put up in the Peabody Park fields in spring 1999, and two were occupied by mated pairs through spring and summer 1999. March–May. (RJO, May 1999)

    50. Polioptila caerulea — Blue-gray Gnatcatcher

      Spring migrant in the Park. April. (RJO/JGW, April 2000)

    51. Regulus satrapa — Golden-crowned Kinglet

      Winter visitor to the Park. December–January. (RJO/JGW, January 2000)

    52. Regulus calendula — Ruby-crowned Kinglet

      Recorded from the Park. (RJO, May 1998)

    53. Bombycilla cedrorum — Cedar Waxwing

      Common winter resident on campus and in the Park. January–May. (RJO/JGW, January 2000)

    54. Sturnus vulgaris — European Starling

      Common year-round resident in the Park. January–December. (RJO/JGW, January 2000)

    55. Vireo griseus — White-eyed Vireo

      Recorded from the Park. (HTH, May 1998)

    56. Vireo olivaceus — Red-eyed Vireo

      Recorded from the Park in spring. May–June. (RJO, May 1998)

    57. Mniotilta varia — Black-and-white Warbler

      Recorded from the Park in spring. May. (RJO, May 1998)

    58. Helmitheros vermivorus — Worm-eating Warbler

      Recorded from the Park in spring. April. (RJO, May 1998)

    59. Vermivora pinus — Blue-winged Warbler

      Recorded from the Park. (HTH, May 1998)

    60. Parula americana — Northern Parula

      Recorded from the Park in spring. May. (RJO, May 1998)

    61. Dendroica petechia — Yellow Warbler

      Recorded from the Park in spring. (RJO, May 1998)

    62. Dendroica magnolia — Magnolia Warbler

      Recorded from the Park in spring. May. (RJO, May 1998)

    63. Dendroica coronata — Yellow-rumped Warbler

      Migrant and winter resident in the Park. December–April. (RJO/JGW, February 2000)

    64. Dendroica virens — Black-throated Green Warbler

      Recorded from the Park in spring and fall. April. (RJO/HTH, May 1999)

    65. Dendroica caerulescens — Black-throated Blue Warbler

      Recorded from the Park. May. (RJO, May 1998)

    66. Dendroica pensylvanica — Chestnut-sided Warbler

      Recorded from the Park. May, August. (HTH, May 1998)

    67. Dendroica striata — Blackpoll Warbler

      Recorded from the Park in spring. May. (RJO, May 1998)

    68. Dendroica pinus — Pine Warbler

      Recorded from the Park in spring. (RJO, May 1998)

    69. Dendroica palmarum — Palm Warbler

      Spring migrant in the Park; one of the earliest warblers to arrive each year. April. (JGW, April 2000)

    70. Seiurus aurocapillus — Ovenbird

      Recorded from the Park in spring. April–May. (RJO, May 1998)

    71. Seiurus noveboracensis — Northern Waterthrush

      One specimen found dead on E side of Elliott University Center (campus section F5), 27 April 1999; no specific Park records. (RJO, May 1999)

    72. Geothlypis trichas — Common Yellowthroat

      Recorded from the Park in spring. May. (RJO, May 1998)

    73. Icteria virens — Yellow-breasted Chat

      Recorded from the Park. May. (HTH, May 1998)

    74. Wilsonia citrina — Hooded Warbler

      Recorded from the Park. May. (HTH, May 1998)

    75. Wilsonia canadensis — Canada Warbler

      Recorded from the Park. (HTH, May 1998)

    76. Setophaga ruticilla — American Redstart

      Recorded from the Park in spring. May. (RJO, May 1998)

    77. Passer domesticus — House Sparrow

      Common resident of the Park and the rest of campus. January–December. (RJO, May 1998)

    78. Quiscalus quiscula — Common Grackle

      Common summer resident of the Park. February–September. (RJO, March 2000)

    79. Molothrus ater — Brown-headed Cowbird

      Common summer resident of the Park. March–May. (RJO, March 2000)

    80. Icterus galbula — Northern Oriole

      Recorded from the Park. May. (HTH, May 1998)

    81. Piranga olivacea — Scarlet Tanager

      Recorded from the Park in spring. May. (RJO, May 1998)

    82. Cardinalis cardinalis — Northern Cardinal

      Common year-round resident of the Park and the rest of campus. January–December. (RJO/JGW, February 2000) [Images…]

    83. Pheucticus ludovicianus — Rose-breasted Grosbeak

      Recorded from the Park. April. (HTH, May 1998)

    84. Passerina cyanea — Indigo Bunting

      Recorded from the Park. (HTH, May 1998)

    85. Carpodacus mexicanus — House Finch

      Common resident of the Park and the rest of campus. January–April. (RJO/JGW, February 2000)

    86. Carduelis tristis — American Goldfinch

      Common in the Park. January–May, September. (RJO/JGW, January 2000)

    87. Pipilo erythrophthalmus — Rufous-sided Towhee

      Common resident of the Park. January–April. (RJO/JGW, January 2000) [Images…]

    88. Junco hyemalis — Dark-eyed Junco

      Common winter resident in the Park. January–April. (RJO/JGW, February 2000)

    89. Spizella passerina — Chipping Sparrow

      Regular spring migrant in the Park fields. Late March–April. (RJO, March 2000)

    90. Zonotrichia albicollis — White-throated Sparrow

      Common winter resident of the Park and the rest of campus. January–April. (RJO/JGW, February 2000) [Images…]

    91. Melospiza melodia — Song Sparrow

      Common year-round resident of the Park and the rest of campus. January–April. (RJO/JGW, February 2000)

  3. CHELONIA — Turtles

    1. Terrapene carolina — Eastern Box Turtle

      Carapace skeleton found 24 October 1997 along creek in section H9 of Park woods. No other records. (RJO, October 1997) [Images…]

    2. [Chelydra serpentina — Snapping Turtle]

      No confirmed records from the Park, but known to exist in other nearby streams along Friendly Avenue. An unidentified turtle seen briefly in March 2000 in the Park fields may have been a Snapping Turtle. (RJO/JGW, March 2000)

  4. SQUAMATA — Lizards and Snakes

    1. Eumeces fasciatus — Five-lined Skink

      Skinks are relatively common in the Park and elsewhere on campus, although they are not easily seen. A specimen captured in May 1998 in campus section I6 S of Eberhart Building was confirmed to be this species. Other species, including E. inexpectatus and E. laticeps, may also be present. (FRH, May 1998)

    2. Virginia striatula — Rough Earth Snake

      Not yet recorded from the Park itself, but one dead specimen found in campus section H7 N of Stone Building, 2 April 1998. (FRH, April 1998)

    3. Storeria dekayi — DeKay’s Snake

      Dead specimen found in campus section H8 along College Avenue just south of the Park woods, 30 April 2001. (ABS, May 2001)

  5. ANURA — Frogs and Toads

    1. Hyla squirella — Squirrel Tree Frog

      One seen in section E10 attached to a window of Moore-Strong Hall after a rain storm, August 1996. According to HTH this constitutes the second record of the species for Guilford County. (RJO, September 1997) [Images…]

  6. URODELA — Salamanders

    1. Desmognathus sp. — Salamander

      Recorded from creek branches in the Park woods in past years. Most likely Desmognathus fuscus, Dusky Salamander. (ABS, September 1997)

  7. OSTEICHTHYES — Bony Fishes

    Schools of unidentified fish were known from streams in the Park woods in the early 1990s, but were apparently exterminated by construction disturbance and stream pollution in the late 1990s. In April 1999 several members of the Department of Biology went a short distance downstream across Friendly Avenue into Lake Daniel Park and collected examples of the four species listed below and released them into two stream locations in the Park woods (sections H9 and H10).

    1. Cyprinella cf. lutrensis — Red Shiner

      Native to the central United States but is widely naturalized in the east. About 20 individuals were released in streams in the Park woods on 30 April 1999. (PWL/RJO, May 1999)

    2. Fundulus rathbuni — Speckled Killifish

      Endemic to central North Carolina and adjacent Virginia. About 20 individuals released in streams in Park woods in 30 April 1999. In March 2000 they were still common and easily seen in the vicinity of the release sites, and many had moved some distance downstream and upstream. (PWL/RJO, March 2000)

    3. Lepomis auritus — Redbreast Sunfish

      About 5 individuals released in streams in Park woods, 30 April 1999. (PWL/RJO, May 1999)

    4. Lepomis cyanellus — Green Sunfish

      About 5 individuals released in streams in Park woods, 30 April 1999. (PWL/RJO, May 1999)

[Last major revision: May 2002]


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